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Johannes Spalt 'Constanze' Sofa Daybed Armrests, Patinated Green Leather, 1960s For Sale
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Johannes Spalt 'Constanze' Sofa Daybed Armrests, Patinated Green Leather, 1960s

About

A freestanding tufted sofa named 'Constanze' (engl. Constance) designed by Prof. Johannes Spalt for Wittmann, Austria, manufactured in midcentury. Johannes Spalt designed this convertible daybed in 1961. This is a rare version with armrests. The green leather has great patina. The thin and indented legs create the effect of an almost free floating sofa. The 'Constanze' is a beautiful design object in a very high quality technique which can be positioned freely in a room because the backside is also upholstered. It is in the style of the sofas from Florence Knoll. By one hand movement the 'Constanze' changes from a sofa to a daybed. Dimensions: Use as sofa L 78" (198 cm) x D 28.5" (72 cm) x H 28.5" (72 cm), seat height: 16" (40 cm) Use as daybed L 78" (198 cm) x D 43" (110 cm) x H 16" (40 cm) About Prof. Johannes Spalt: Johannes Spalt attended the 'Gewerbeschule' Salzburg and studied architecture at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna with Clemens Holzmeister from 1949. He founded 'Arbeitsgruppe 4' (engl. 'Working group 4') together with Wilhelm Holzbauer, Friedrich Kurrent, and with Otto Leitner which left in 1953. The grouped was named afterwards the '3/4-ler'. In 1969 he ran his own studio in Vienna, in partial cooperation with Friedrich Kurrent. From 1973-1990 Johannes Spalt was Professor of Interior design and Industrial design at the University of Applied Arts Vienna and from 1975-1979 also its rector. In addition to designs and realized buildings, Spalt created numerous furniture designs, for example for Wittmann Möbelwerkstätten. Johannes Spalt organized with Max Kurrent the first Adolf Loos exhibition: 1962 in Paris and 1964 in Vienna in the new museum of the 20th century. In 1965 the first Josef Frank exhibition took place in Vienna.

Details

  • Condition
  • Wear
    Wear consistent with age and use. Minor fading.
  • Dimensions
    H 28.35 in. x W 77.96 in. x D 28.35 in.H 72 cm x W 198 cm x D 72 cm
  • Seat Height
    15.75 in. (40 cm)
  • Seller Location
    Vienna, AT
  • Reference Number
    LU1082416807162
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About Florence Knoll (Designer)

Architect, furniture designer, interior designer, entrepreneur — Florence Knoll had a subtle but profound influence on the course of mid-century American modernism. Dedicated to functionality and organization, and never flamboyant, Knoll shaped the ethos of the post-war business world with her polished, efficient design and skillfully realized office plans.

     Knoll had perhaps the most thorough design education of any of her peers. Florence Schust was orphaned at age 12, and her guardian sent her to Kingswood, a girl’s boarding school that is part of the Cranbrook Educational Community in suburban Detroit. Her interest in design brought her to the attention of Eliel Saarinen, the Finnish architect and head of the Cranbrook Academy of Art. Saarinen and his wife took the talented child under their wing, and she became close to their son, the future architect Eero Saarinen. While a student at the Academy, Florence befriended artist-designer Harry Bertoia and Charles and Ray Eames. Later, she studied under three of the Bauhaus masters who emigrated to the United States. She worked as an apprentice in the Boston architectural offices of Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer; Ludwig Mies van der Rohe taught her at the Illinois Institute of Technology.

     In 1941, she met Hans Knoll, whose eponymous furniture company was just getting off the ground. They married in 1946, and her design sense and his business skills soon made Knoll Inc. a leading firm in its field. Florence signed up the younger Saarinen as a designer, and would develop pieces by Bertoia, Mies and the artist Isamu Noguchi. Her main work came as head of the Knoll Planning Group, designing custom office interiors for clients such as IBM and CBS. The furniture Florence created for these spaces reflects her Bauhaus training: the pieces are pure functional design, exactingly built; their only ornament from the materials, such as wood and marble. Her innovations — the oval conference table, for example, conceived as a way to ensure clear sightlines among all seated at a meeting — were always in the service of practicality.

     Since her retirement in 1965, Knoll received the National Medal of Arts, among other awards; in 2004 the Philadelphia Museum of Art mounted the exhibition “Florence Knoll: Defining Modern” — well deserved accolades for a strong, successful design and business pioneer. As demonstrated on these pages, the simplicity of Knoll’s furniture is her work’s great virtue: they fit into any interior design scheme.

About the Seller

5 / 5
Vetted
Platinum
1stdibs seller since 2014
Typical response time: <1 hour
Located in Vienna, AT
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